The first move towards a systematic scheme of governance came in 1616 with the arrival of ZhabdrungNawangNamgyal from Tibet. He introduced the dual system of governance with the Je Khenpo as the spiritual head of the nation and the Desis, as the head of the temporal aspects.But a major breakthrough came in 1907 when the people unanimously enthroned UgyenWangchuck as the fist hereditary King of Bhutan. He was the man who had proven his mettle by bringing together the different Dzongpons and Penlops (governors of fortress), ending centuries of strife and bringing much needed stability and peace to the country. Since then, the country has been ruled by successive monarchs of the Wangchuck dynasty.
In November 2001, on the advice of the Fourth king Jigme Singye Wangchuck, a committee chaired by the Chief Justice of Bhutan, was formed to draft the constitution of Bhutan. The constitution was launched in 2008 and with it a parliamentary democracy introduced. The progression from Hereditary Monarchy to that of a Parliamentary Democracy has been a carefully managed process that culminated in 2008 when Bhutan held its first elections country wide. The Druk PhunsumTshogpa was mandated by the people to head the new government with a major victory with 45 elected members, Lyonchen Jigme Y Thinley steered the government with just two opposition members from the People's Democratic Party in 2008.The term of DPT (Druk PhuensumTshogpa) has ended and people have chosen PDP (People's Democratic Party) on 13th July 2013 as the new government.TodayTsheringTobgay is the Prime Minister of the new government.